It is safe to say, that the ceiling is the culmination of the interior decoration of any accommodation. Not so long ago the problem of adjusting the ceiling surface irregularities was insoluble. But now it is very easy to amend such situation.
Drop ceilings are ceiling constructions, whose strength members are fasten directly to the basic ceiling. This is the main difference between drop and suspended ceiling (whose strength members are fastened to the basic construction). This peculiarity of the drop ceiling allows diminishing floor-to-ceiling height only by the thickness of its frame. According to the materials, used in construction of the drop ceilings system, they are divided into two groups:
- gypsum panel ceilings
- finishing decorative panel ceilings (wood particle board, fiberboard, medium density fiberboard, etc.)
The most popular materials for making drop ceilings are:
- Expanded polystyrene plates. This material is heat- and sound- insulating and moisture-proof. It creates comfortable microclimate in any accommodation.
- Decorative plates from wood particle board and fiberboard, covered with natural wood veneer.
- Plastic panels. Such panels have no disadvantages: they are light, firm, waterproof and stylish designed.
- Gypsum cardboard panels. Gypsum cardboard is the most common material for making drop ceilings. It is extremely heat- and sound- insulating.
Nowadays the choice of the materials for making suspended ceilings is so wide, that the customers are often confused and don’t know, what to prefer. Before buying it, it is better to find out, what kinds of suspended ceilings are available, and what materials they’re made of.
Gypsum cardboard ceiling
The sheets of gypsum cardboard are fastened to the special metal sections or stud. Gypsum cardboard is a perfect choice, if you want to decorate your ceiling with highlights- recessed lighting fittings- spots or LED strip light. You can put gypsum cardboard into any shape- broken, staircase, curvilinear. Besides, it is one of the cheapest materials for suspended ceilings for today.
The advantages of this kind of ceilings are:
- easy installation;
- performance attributes:
- aesthetic properties
- wide range of colors and textures.
Tiled suspended ceilings
Tiled suspended ceilings are made of gypsum, expanded polystyrene, and glass fiber, plastic or mineral fiber. Their usual size is 60х60 см. There are also curved plates for gradient junctions of the multilevel ceilings. They allow creating 3D compositions, often used by the interior designers.
Cassette or raster ceilings
Cassette or raster ceilings are metal louvered constructions. They represent ready modules in the form of grates with transparent cavities.
Rack ceilings represent close located aluminum rods, covered with lacquer or enamel. The rods resemble deal board. They are fastened to the metal skeleton, fixed on the ceiling.
For the creation of the comfortable feeling in the room at any time, you’ll have to see about the proper illumination. It is represented in a great variety. It is very important to install a proper ceiling illuminator. It is quite enough to look at the numerous pictures of the ceiling illuminator, represented in Internet and in specialized magazines to understand, how various these devices are.
There are many kinds of the illuminator, and each of them has its own features.
The first aspect, which must be taken into account while choosing ceiling fixture, is its kind. Not every ceiling is able to bear the weight of the usual heavy chandelier. For example, the best option for the tension ceilings are small point illuminators, located according to a certain scheme.
The main factors of choice are:
- kind of illuminator;
- manner of its installation;
- number of lamps;
- material of light diffuser;
- durability of ceiling construction.
The aspect and the design are also important factors, but you should use them the last thing.
The modern ceiling fixtures don’t have anything in common with the outdated featureless chandeliers- boring and single-type. In our time they are represented in a wide range of design, kinds and types.
Such an enormous variety gives the opportunity to choose the proper illuminators for any accommodation. At that, you can mount totally unique color scheme in every room, which will bring warmth and comfort to any accommodation.
Classic white ceiling can harmonize with the most interior styles. But if you need some changes, simplicity and laconicism must give place to the designer ideas. There is a lot of original ways to decorate your ceiling.
There are several main techniques of ceiling decoration. Designers give special preference to the game of light.
Light is probably one of the most interesting sources of “originality”. With the help of the LED strip modern designers create unusually beautiful ceiling highlights. The highlight can be located along the perimeter of accommodation and hidden either behind the ceiling cornice, or in gypsum cardboard box of the two-level ceiling. In a similar way, using LED strips, you can emphasize the beautiful curtains in your room, and make until now ordinary obscure corners bright and luminous. The light aura of the floating ceiling also makes a great impression. You’ll not do without highlight, if you want to arrange the ceiling with the fragments of photo printing and stained glass. And, eventually, if you fasten the LED strip in zigzag under the semitransparent cloth, then install a special controller, regulating lighting intervals, its shade and intensity; you’ll achieve the effect of the water flowing along the ceiling.
There are much more interesting ceiling ideas, which can be fulfilled by means of safe, efficient, colorful and non-heating LED strip.
It seems that the ceiling doesn’t take much notice. But it’s far from true! Your interior can’t be worked up without the installation of beautiful and neat ceiling. At various times it was decorated with the traditional wooden covering in the tower-rooms, or painted in the palace halls. Modern designers also give much attention to the ceiling decoration. Usual whitewashing is passing, giving place to a wide variety of the building materials, used for the different ways of ceiling decoration.
Suspended ceiling has quickly gained the popularity among those, who wish to have modern and fashionable ceiling. Now it is the most popular way of the ceiling decoration. One can install suspended ceiling in any kind of accommodation with any ceiling height. Its advantages include: unique beauty and ergonomics, sound insulation, decrease of acoustic load, combination with illuminating equipment, and the possibility of hiding all the necessary communications to the additional space, formed due to the suspended ceiling.
An example of the interior creative work is the art painting of the ceiling. Its basic can be chalk or gypsum cardboard. One of the main conditions of the application of art painting is the harmony with the architecture style. Painter ceiling will blend perfectly with white-pink or white-blue scale of rococo, with fanciful drawings of Cupid sitting on the light airy cloudlet.
The innovative approach to the building technologies gave us the opportunity of decorating accommodation with the tension ceiling. It’s popularity grows exponentially, caused by its additional comforts. The mounting of such ceiling doesn’t take much time, and the effect, produced by the chosen picture or art masterpiece on your ceiling, will last long. Tension ceilings have a moderate price and can be located in any room: from the bedroom and the hall to the bathroom and the vestibule.
In the recent time the most popular kinds of ceiling decorating were whitewashing with lime, painting with water-based paint, pasting with wallpaper or photo-wallpaper. Such decorations are used in the apartments, while in country-houses and private houses it is common to install the plank ceiling. It gives the house feeling of warmth and comfort. Natural materials are generally used as the plank covering.
The advantages of the wood sheathing
Wood sheathing has a lot of important advantages over other materials:
- High tenacity;
- Higher heat- and sound-insulation;
- Pleasing view of natural wood;
- Natural wood creates the feeling of luxury. It can emphasize the good taste of house owner;
- The installation can be fulfilled with your own hands. All you need is a minimum wood work skill, patience and time.
Surely, wooden building materials look great, but they require a lot of attention.
The planks, made of coniferous wood species are notable for their eco-friendliness, which inheres only in natural materials. Due to the using of planks, there is no need for further decoration of the ceiling, since the wood sheathing itself is the decorative element of the interior.
The facing of ceiling with planks is not a very complicated process. Regardless of the material you’ll choose, you’ll have to put only one layer of it. Every other kinds of the ceiling decoration require applying two or more layers.
The repair of the ceiling cover in your apartment begins with the choice of the kitchen ceiling. The interior and the comfort of your apartment depend on this choice. Every member of the family will feel comfortable at meal-times, if the kitchen ceiling promotes it. Moreover, when we cook, the kitchen always fills with steam, fume and ashes. Fumes go up and settle on the ceiling surface. You must constantly clear it up from accumulated dirt.
There are 5 principal variants of the kitchen ceiling decoration:
- plastered ceiling;
- the installation of suspended construction;
- the mounting of the tension system.
The main features of the perfect kitchen ceiling:
- easy installation (it’s especially important, if you’re planning to do it yourself);
- moisture- and heating-resistance;
- long-term service;
- its’ material doesn’t have any negative influence on the human health;
- practicalness- it cleans and scours easily.
Eventually, having taken into account all the requirements and options, you can choose the proper kitchen ceiling. But there is one more important nuance: ceiling surface often has some defects at first, which you’ll have to conceal for making your ceiling look beautiful.
Coffered ceilings become more and more popular. The modern architecture uses coffer not as load-carrying construction, but as the element of interior design. You can often notice such elements in historical films, for example: carved wooden beams, some decorations of the castles.
Coffered ceiling consists of cavities, beams and cells. In other words, “coffer” is a polygonal cavity. Such ceilings fall into the category of decorative ceilings. Coffers can have either square or circular shape. They are especially notable for their cross and longitudinal beams with ornament.
There are some more popular ornaments in architecture: stucco sockets, cornice elements, borders, profile wall passages, ceiling painting.
Coffered ceilings can visually increase the area of living-room, bedroom, study, billiard room and library. Such kind of a ceiling decoration is used in offices, if their owners want to emphasize reliable status of the company. Coffered ceiling fit the country-houses and the cottages. Due to the design of the coffered ceiling one can reduce a total weight of construction and improve acoustics.
Coffers are often installed in the accommodations with the high ceilings. They give the impression of a space of considerable dimensions. Coffered ceiling can be found in more than 2 m high rooms. It will not produce its due effects in small accommodations.
The architecture style must be taken into account as well. If you prefer something unusual and modern, choose the coffers of different size and style.
The suspended and ceiling lights play an important role not only in the proper lighting of living accommodation, but also in the aesthetic of its interior.
Usually people take into account only the latter factor, choosing the lights by their appearance. As a result, they get the ceiling lights, which not only light the room poorly, but also spoil its interior.
Buying the ceiling lights, you should take into account, that they affect the visual perception of ceiling height: the suspended lights draw it nearer, while the ceiling lights move it away. The size of a ceiling is also important for the room interior.
Large and massive suspended lights can disturb the eyes, if their size doesn’t match the measurements of a room.
After all, the first thing attracting attention, when you enter the room is a suspended light.
In many cases, it is the main decoration of the room. The idea of beautiful suspended light is almost always associated with one of their main subtypes- the chandelier. Chandelier is a multivalve or multi plafond suspended light with the decorative fittings.
The massive ceiling lights with a lot of refracting and reflecting transparent surfaces require a lot of air, high decorated walls, the ceilings with stucco molding, non-standard and unpolished furniture in retro style. They must hang above the windows and “support” the ceiling.
For the small rooms with the ceiling height up to 2.5 m, it is better to choose suspended and ceiling lights with the light flux directed upwards, smooth semi-transparent plafonds and short suspensions. They scatter light evenly, while the dispersion effect is intensified with the reflectivity of ceiling. The highlighted ceiling seems higher.
The ceiling tires can be used for the lighting of non-residential premises of the house- kitchen, hall and household room. The object of selective lighting in the kitchen can be: dining table, stove, work table, washer and wall-unit.
Of course, you should also take into account the measurements of a room and the size of the tire. For the rooms, it is better to buy the two-valve lamp, and for the big ones- the tire with more lamps, up to the combinations of fluorescent lightings. In some tires, the ceiling lights can be switched on separately or in groups. When all the lightings work together, it is possible to achieve good general lighting of the room accentuating separate elements of interior.