In the early 1990s Acura Integra has determined the luxurious class of sports coupe. With its updated four-cylinder engine and well-appointed passenger compartment, Integra was the car, reflecting its owner’s social status.
Acura Integra is the same Honda Integra, but sold in the USA. The basic complete equipment of the LS model of the 1998 year of manufacture included: the adjustable steering tube, the electric drive of window regulators and the installation of side rear view mirrors, air-conditioner, and audio system with CD player, etc. The other characteristics: engine volume- 1.8 L, automatic gearbox, front-wheel drive, air-conditioner, steering booster, central lock, cruise control and two airbags.
In 2000 Integra offered two models of the new sports cars: Sports Sedan (with sedan body) and Sports Coupe (with coupe body). Both models were intended for the active drivers and knowledgeable customers of the speed cars. The sports cars GS and GS-R have special driver’s and passenger’s seat, leather upholstery and other equipment.
The high-speed coupe Integra Type-R, presented at the end of 1997, is equipped with the forced version of the same engine (197 horsepower). Despite such high output parameters, it is indicated that the engines of Integra “don’t require any adjustments within the first 160 000 km of running”. The new model is equipped with more powerful brakes and stiffer suspender, although Integra as it is has the pronounced sportive character due to the independent wheel suspension with the antiroll bars. The standard complete equipment includes automatic air-conditioner, adjustable steering column, stereo system, the electric drive of window regulators, “cruise control”, etc.
The new sports coupe 2002 RSX replaced Integra in the model lineup Acura, as it excels its predecessor in all respects.
The two-door hatchback RSX is equipped with 2-liter four-cylinder engine, double upper cam-shafts and the variable system of valve timing (for the achievement of 160 horsepower).
RSX has three varieties of the gearboxes: manual five-speed gearbox, automatic five-speed gearbox with the mechanism SportShift, and the manual six-speed gearbox.
The standard complete equipment of RSX includes: air-conditioner, window regulators, central locks, rear view mirrors with heating, keyless system and stereo system with CD player.
A deserved leader among the lux-class off-road vehicles Paragon Acura remains the reference point in respect of style, operating characteristics and safety. In our time, the second generation of Acura, allows the great number of available technological options, aimed at making the driving safer, more pleasant and productive.
This model deserves to be called attractive due to such elements of design as the inscription “Acura” on the front grill, the daring modeling of the front grill, the back panel with integrated polished finishers of the exhaust pipe (made of stainless steel), smooth tail lights with the bright light-emitting diodes, and the bold 18-inch 5-spoke aluminum disks. The available improved option package increases the degree of controllability, keeping the driving comfortable, quiet and qualitative, which is peculiar only to the luxurious vehicles.
Paragon Acura is equipped with the ventilated leather seats, and the massive wheel in the sport style. Besides, the car disposes of such technological devices as the satellite communication system AcuraLink, the navigation system with voice recognition, the system watching the state of road conditions in real time, with the function of plotting an alternative traffic route, and the system informing about the weather conditions in real time, with the map of radar images. The other available options include the 8-inch navigation screen VGA, the rear view camera with the possibility of choice of three unique viewpoints, the entertaining system for the rear passengers with the double flowered VGA screen and audio system with the 15 GB hard disk (HDD) and the ability of USB connection.
In 2011 the car was equipped with the 3.7-liter engine VTEC V-6, providing the power of V-8 level, keeping the size and efficiency of the fuel use of six-cylinder engine. The engine develops 300 horsepower, 270 nanometer of engine torque to provide an immediate reply of the throttle, producing the low and medium range of torque and the excellent power with the high rotating speed.
The engine V-6 is connected with the sequential six-speed gearbox SportShift. The system SportShift allows two modes of automatic change, and the possibility of manual control with the help of steering-wheel switch. The famous system Acura SH-AWD promotes the maximum use of available power.
The premium crossover from Japan Acura RDX of the second generation is equipped with be officially sold from the second quarter of 2015. Outwardly, Acura RDX 2015 resembles its elder brother Acura MDX in head optics, chrome false radiator grill with the logo, the massive bumper, completed with the new fog lights. The large rear-view mirrors together with the legged turn repeater, give the crossover more sportiness and solidity.
In profile, the look of the new car demonstrates the long hood, the large wheel arches with stamps, the door openings comfortable for the boarding, the flat roof and the massive stern.
From all the directions, the crossover Acura RDX looks sportive, solid and attractive. The body of the new car has the following overall dimensions: the length- 4460, the width- 1872, the height- 1678, the wheelbase- 2685 mm, the road clearance- 205 mm.
The front wheel gauge counts 1604 mm, the rear wheel gauge- 1610 mm, with the standard rubber 235/60 R18 with light-alloy discs (size 18). Optionally, you can order the disks in a radius 19 with the coverings 245/45 R19.
The color score of premium crossover includes: white- White Diamond Pearl, dark silver- Silver Moon, light silver- Forged Silver Metallic, grey- Graphite Luster Metallic, dark red- Basque Red Pearl, dark brown- Kona Coffee Metallic and black- Crystal Black Pearl.
The passenger compartment of the new crossover matches the premium class level. It concerns not only the interior finishing materials in the form of pergament color real leather or ebony, soft textured plastic, elements of wood or aluminum, but also the ergonomic location of operating controls, secondary systems and rich equipment.
The crossover is equipped with the leather passenger compartment, keyless access, “engine firing” button and the sensors of light and rain, 8 airbags, electric drive of luggage section door, electric mirrors with heating and the option of folding, the heating of driver’s seat, the regulation with the help of electric motors, heating, hatch, multimedia complex (completed with the navigation), the rear view cameras, the audio systems, climate control and adaptive cruise controle.
The car weighing 1750 kg, pick up the speed of 100 km/h in only 7 seconds, while its top speed amounts 210 km/h.
Acura became the first Japanese premium brand, able to compete with the European manufacturers at the USA car market. The main advantages of the new cars were the innovative engineer developments, the high level of quality and technical equipment and the maximal satisfaction of customers’ requirements.
The logo of the new brand represents the modified letter “A” in the form of caliper (it’s an instrument for accurate measurements of the details used by engineers). The purpose of this logo is to emphasize the technical and design perfection of Acura cars.
The history of Acura starts in February 1984, when Honda confirmed its intention to come to the new market segment and create a new brand.
On the 27 of March 1984 60 dealership of Acura started to work; the first models they offered were three- and five-door sport car Integra and a luxurious sedan Legend.
The model “Legend coupe” was represented in spring 1987. At once, it received a reward of authoritative edition “Motor Trend” as “The best foreign car of the year”. In June 1987, the quantity of sold cars has exceeded 100 000.
In 1989, Chicago auto show presented the first Japanese super car- the mid-engine Acura NS-X (New Sportscar-eXperimental), which went on sale in August 1990. It was the first-ever stock car with the aluminum chassis and body, the gas distribution system and the titanium con-rods.
In November 1991, NSX received two prized from the magazine Automobile: “The best car of the year” and “The best design of the year”.
In 1995 the first Acura crossover SLX was presented in the USA.
In January 200, Acura presented its first mid-sized crossover MDX. It was designed and built in USA. The standard complete equipment of the car concluded the third row of seats, the separated climate control and all-wheel drive.
In January 2015, Acura presented the concept of compact crossover RDX, which combined the efficiency of compact sedan and the functionality and practicality of crossover.
In 2012, the North American international auto show presented the pre-image of new generation Acura NSX. The compact sports car was equipped with the petrol engine V6 and three electric motors, the gearbox with two clutches and the trade all-wheel drive system SH-AWD.
In 2014 Acura presented the new business sedan TLX, which replaced two models at a time- TL and TSX. In the same year, the company started to sale the first Acura hybrid stock car in the USA- RLX Sport Hybrid SH-AWD.
The sports coupe became the first models of Acura, designed and manufactured in the USA. The basic CL took over the general stylistics of the concept car CL-X, presented in 1995, which looks really unusual: you won’t find any lock on the luggage roof, as it opens by means of lever, located at the driver’s seat.
Initially, Acura CL had two varieties of engine: 2.2 CL and 3.0 CL, similar to the corresponding cars Honda Accord Coupe (from which the company has adopted the independent suspension with all its peculiarities). The all-aluminum engine has an electric drive fuel injection system.
Acura CL first appeared in 1996 as the model of 1997 lineup, took the position between the sedans Integra and TL. In 1998 the basic CL acquired the larger and more powerful 2.3-liter engine. As a result, the model 2.2CL changed its designation for 2.3CL.
The double airbags and ABS system provide the safety of driving. The 2.3-L model has four-cylinder engine, with the 2.3-liter working volume and the capacity of 150 horsepower. It is designed according to the VTEC technology. The 3.0CL model has the 3-liter VTEC V6 engine with the capacity of 200 horsepower. The standard complete equipment of both versions include: automatic climate control, electric window regulators and mirrors, central locks, the steering-wheel, adjustable for height, the cruise control, leather and wooden coating and automatized hatch.
Compared to the previous generation, the model of 2003 model year acquired the modified radiator grill, new head lights, tail lights, exhaust system and the hexactinal light-alloy discs. The new model car is equipped with the aluminum six-cylinder power unit with the capacity of 3.2-liter. The standard complete equipment of the car includes 16-inch wheels, climate control, leather passenger compartment and six-disc audio system. The sports modification of Acura CL – Type S is traditionally equipped with 260 horsepower engine, 17-inch wheels with high-speed tires and leather seats.
The standard complete equipment of CL also implies the automatic climate control system, electric drive window regulators and door locks, keyless door opening system with the in-built anti-theft alarm, adjustable driver’s seat with 6 electric drives of shift and inclination, the electric drive glass hatch and audio system with 6 dynamic loudspeakers and CD player.
Ford Fiesta tuning
Tuning will help Ford Fiesta to style and renew the look, letting it stand out of their kind. Technical tuning of Ford Fiesta sports suspension will allow to radically change the behavior of your car on the road, ensure its security and control in all situations and at the same time to feel comfortable while driving allows. Alternative Ford Fiesta optics will emphasize the character of your vehicle. With a wide range of tuning you can easily stylize your car, by setting the cilia on the headlights and a spoiler on the trunk, or completely change the face of the machine, setting a tuning bumpers and sills, replacing native optics by an alternative, to set the sports suspension.
Sport Tuning of Ford Fiesta has begun immediately, as soon as the first ‘Fiesta’ went out of the factory gates. At that time (mid-70s), it was a revolutionary machine for American automakers, and they wanted to make achievements in sport tuning of engines and suspensions to the new platform in order to demonstrate the American tuning school advantages of the European one. However, having no experience of tuning engines of small volumes, Ford turned to the experience of the English tuningers – for that even pocket” “Formula Ford” was established.
The main characteristic of the car engine is generally considered its power. In fact, not the maximum power, but torque has the impact on the character of the car. After all, the greatest power can be realized only when the speed is steady, close to the maximum, but we almost do not drive in this mode. The driver usually needs torque engine, which at starting and acceleration, without straining, “goes” for the gas pedal. This is achieved by torque, if it is sufficiently high and relatively constant at low and medium engine speeds.
Prior to 3000 rev / min motor does not have enough pick-up and as a result – stumbling when pulling away, failures by sharp pressing on the gas pedal, the fragility of the clutch, the inefficient use of the fifth gear. The gas distribution characteristics have the greatest influence on the torque curve – phase and “time-cross section” of opening the valves that are specified by camshaft lobe profile. To improve throttle response, it is necessary to quickly push into the cylinder the appropriate charge of the working mixture, that is to narrow the opening phase of the inlet valve. Wide stretched phases at low frequencies lead to reverse expulsion of the fuel-air mixture into the intake manifold, and only with an increase in the speed flow inertia is “overpowering” and the cylinder filling increases.
If XR2 is too expensive platform for you – you can look at the cheaper modification Fiesta S – it also has a stabilizer bar and stiff half-sport suspensions, like XR2, but it is completed with simpler engines and does not weight out by any ordinary XR plastic.
Mini Cooper tuning
Since the appearance on the market of the new MINI has been out of a competition by the attention not only the public, but also representatives of tuning companies. Variations that are “smartening up” its appearance, now are countless. But if many buyers of the new MINI want extravagant “chips” for the exterior, also there is a large part of customers who cannot put up with mediocre (artificially low by the manufacturer) dynamic and running characteristics of this “baby”, including its top variants . Dozens of tuningers have joined the competition: who will “pump up” more horse powers from a small motor, who will offer the most aggressive exterior? And as long as we are talking about records, the German company Hamann is again in front of all!
The well-known German tuning company Hamann presented a complete program of Mini cars improvements. Moreover, it is worth noting that Hamann proposals are designed for all versions of this model, including diesel.
Diesel car Mini One Diesel after Hamann improvements gets additional 25 horse powers – from zero to hundred kilometers per hour now it will be able to accelerate for 13 seconds. The same petrol Mini One gets an increase of 30 horsepower: in the end the power of its engine increased to 120 hp. Mini Cooper adds 13 horsepower – from 115 to 125 forces.
To top version Mini Cooper S Hamann studio offers two tuning packages. The first of these increases engine output to 195 horsepower, while the second, which is called Hamann CS4 Sportkit is ‘pumped up’ to 211 horsepower. As a result, the latest version can accelerate from zero to hundred kilometers per hour in just 6.6 seconds and its top speed is 229 kilometers per hour.
In addition to the modifications of the engine, the German company traditionally offers its customers a suspension upgrades – the installation of new dampers and shorter and rigid springs, as well as new brakes and a body kit. Finally, Hamann tuning program also includes a set of new wheels of 17 or 18 inches to choose from, and a set of accessories for interior trim.
It remains the subject of worship until now. Fans of Mini organize runs, races and other events dedicated to the small machine. And, of course, it cannot be done without tuning. Typically, tuning means powerful engines, beautiful alloy wheels, tinted windows and a circle-wise spoiler. Student at Queen’s University of Art and Design in London, being an artist not only a profession, but also in the soul, came to this case alternatively. He literally sewed clothes for his car – stylish denim suit in particular. Levi`s pockets with labels on doors and zipper running along the bonnet look especially touching. Mini jeans are not only beautiful, but also practical. Now the car definitely will not freeze in winter, and in summer its paint will not fade in the sun.
If you are the owner of the Mazda RX-8, probably you want to improve it and make the ride even faster
For starters, you can replace the spark coils (e.g. BHR or Promaz is analogue of Bosch coils, you will need x4 amplifier Microtech). Replacement of coils should be carried out when your current coil will deny.
If you feel the vibration at idle – check and replace engine mountings if necessary.
Then you should get a good set of rubber, something like Toyo R888 for the track on lightweight forged wheels.
The next step should be the modernization of suspension and braking system. This is achieved by installing a set of coilovers, for example, KW V3, Greddy Type S or BC BR-Range (Taiwanese manufacturer that uses Greddy / HKS components), reinforced stabilizers Whiteline (greatly influence on the handling for little money), and stabilizer bushings, sports brake discs and pads.
You can replace the factory grip on some well-known brands such as ACT and Exedy, change all vacuum tubes to silicone.
For better monitoring the condition of the car, in the vehicle you can accommodate extra gauges showing temperature and oil pressure, boost pressure (for example, Racing Beat).
Further, a significant step in improving can be the installing of 2-stroke oil adapter for the oil metering pump (WDR, Oil Metering Pump). These adapters are produced, for example, by Rotary Aviation, Real World Solutions and Richard Sohn. The adapter consists of a metal plate with several holes in it and a nozzle which can be connected to a hose. The purpose of the adapter is to stop motor oil using to lubricate apex seals in the rotary engine, that gives the following advantages:
- The engine no longer burns the oil from the oil pan;
- Engine seals get fresh, clean oil;
- Engine seals are lubricated by 2-stroke oil, which should be burned.
And now a little boring theory.
Wankel engine, which are used in Mazda RX8, needs oil in the combustion zone to lubricate metal seals.
Most of the standard rotary engines use the dosing pump which injects a small amount of engine oil from the sump into the intake manifold and / or directly into the combustion chamber. Engine oil is intended to lubricate the slide bearings and heat transfer from the engine to the cooling area.
The RX8 heat transfer is made from the oil via the oil cooler. When the engine oil is injected into the combustion chamber it is only partially burned, leaving sludge. These sludges can be accumulated and they will degrade the performance of the engine, also they can cause jams at apex seals, reducing compression and, ultimately, to the overhaul of the engine.
One obvious way to prevent this is disconnecting the metering pump and mix oil for two-stroke engines with gasoline, as required to do for some of the old two-stroke engines. With this method, it was proved that the oil for two-stroke engines is effective lubrication and does not lead to the accumulation of combustion products.
Honda Accord as well as the entire line of Honda cars stands out for its exceptional appearance. Swift sporty silhouette is contrary to the class of the car, and that is D-class sedan. The flowing body lines give the car a dynamic appearance and powerful engine will help to demonstrate excellent dynamics on the road.
Today the car is the most prestigious attribute of a modern successful person. However, each car, as well as the person, requires to be individual. And to make your four-wheeled friend outstanding among the ranks of standard machines, you should think about such popular services as tuning. For the most part as tuning we understand exterior trimming of a car. For example, you can modify or add radiator grill or spoiler to your Accord.
Perfection has no limits, so you can make even such a perfect car better. By the way, you can leave general view of Honda untouched, but beauty can get individual notes, sporty silhouette – elegance. You should only modify Honda Accord bumper and it will transform from a princess into a queen of roads.
Variations of Honda Accord tuning
If you decide to make the Honda Accord 7 tuning of interior and trunk, you can be sure of one thing – there is simply no limits for your most improbable ideas realization. The choice depends on the taste preferences of car owner. You can arrange interior in the style of hi-tech or modern, at the luggage compartment a bar, or video room can be equipped. Particular attention should be paid to the alloy wheels. Professionals recommend combining the style of chrome wheels with proper selection of low-profile rubber. So the beauty of your Honda will become more rapid.
Aerodynamic kit for Honda Accord consists of streamlined bumpers, spoiler, antiwing, side skirts. If you want to give your car a futuristic design, it is easy to do because it is aerodynamic. Also the advantage of this Honda Accord tuning is that when accelerating and braking you can achieve a significant acceleration as soon as possible, and these things are clear signs of dominance on the track. And if you want Honda to get “ravenous” features, think about individual grille.
Pay attention to the kind Honda Accord 8 tuning as optics. Many suppliers of car accessories will help you fully or partially to replace the rear, front, fog and turning lights. This will not only give the car a beautiful appearance, but also make the lighting of your Honda many times better.
Spectacular cars always find their buyers only for the fact that they do not aspire to be like the others. Mazda 6 series sold well and without updates, but the Japanese have followed their pre-prepared plans and decided to add fuel to the fire, presenting a new generation in 2017 – 2018 to the market.
Sedan class of D segment is quite complicated in competitive terms. Today, all world-known manufacturers are represented at this class, and each of them brings to their cars something interesting. The buyer, looking at photos and pacing for a test drive these sedans, gets great difficulty in choosing.
Predatory style of concern cars became the trend more than ten years ago. Until today, the company provides only a slight restyling most of its lineup. Photos of the previous generation can be actively compared with the 2014 model and looked for a number of differences:
- narrowing of the forecarriage and creating a sense of less aggressive car;
- refinement of lines, visual increase of the vehicle;
- Use of larger diameter wheels;
- complete change of interior – a familiar feature of the car.
There are a lot of differences, but they are all in the details. And there not always visible pictured. You can safely say that the 6 series perfectly evolved with the creation of a new design, but you can have the same confidence that the “six” will get negative reviews too.
The problem is that Japanese corporation’s design of the last years began to yield considerable criticism. Cars change a little. Photo of a decade ago can be compared with the 2014 model, and there would be a lot in common. But have been all the truth hidden in the photo? Many believe that preserving the traditions of design is a great decision that is worthy of respect.
Mazda 6 series currently has two powertrains:
- 2-liter petrol SKYActive, delivers 150 horsepower;
- older brother of the previous with 2.5-liter unit and 192 hp.
6-speed manual is decorated characteristics of the junior engine. As an option, you can buy a machine with 6 switching ranges. On a test drive at the showroom you will likely get 2014 – 2015 version with older engine and automatic (for the 2.5-liter unit mechanics are not available).
Mazda 6 offers excellent amenities:
- advanced security options, 6 airbags and curtains;
- trip computer that performs a test of some car units;
- branded audio system;
- adjustable steering column and driver seat;
- Air conditioning;
- central locking and remote control.
Tuning the car is a process of car improvement by installing emergency units, assemblies and components, altering certain properties of the machine (including appearance).
Improvement of cars has no limits. The subject is interesting and exciting. Tuning can include quite serious changes in the design of the engine, suspension and other vehicle systems. The English word «tuning» refers to the term “setting”. And what, in fact, do we set up?
Tuning is called the art of giving to one of hundreds similar standard cars its own unique face. It is the art of giving the holder of the vehicle a sense of individuality. Many of them, in principle, happy with their cars, but sometimes they really want it to be something different from thousands of other cars.
The simplest thing is the external finish. From banal stickers, toning up batches of plastic and even “body kits» (equipment set for external tuning, modular set of equipment for a specific machine). Of course, these actions will have no effect on the technical characteristics of the car. However, if you want to really increase the “ability” of your “iron horse”, then stickers are not enough.
Here you need a serious work with all systems of the car.
For those who are not ‘driving fast, but flying low “spoilers will be very useful. They enhance the clamp to the road. Also, they will need and additional air intakes for brakes cooling. All changes will be used to increase the power and speed of a vehicle.
Next in complexity are minor technical changes – ‘chip tuning’ (modification of software in the electronic control units of vehicles) or ‘tuned’ exhaust system. All this will increase the capacity without any major alterations of the motor.
The next level maens changes affecting aggregates and components. Here it is not necessary to experiment, because many operations require scientific computing, or at least experience. The most popular variant of tuning cars is to the “ring” sports. At this stage an ordinary “driver” begins to compete in street racing.
At the level of the major vehicle component parts modification there are already changes of gearbox with modified gear ratios, the replacement of gears. Such changes (of course, not counting excesses) do not require serious restructuring of the entire vehicle. After all, machines are mainly created for the average consumer, and allow the displacement of the individual parameters in a specific corridor.
Completing our tuning list superlight and heavy-duty engines, transmissions with stunning features. Among the epithets “super”, there are super prices. In addition to exclusivity, it is predicated upon the materials – strong light alloys, composites, carbon fiber.
For the first time, Audi took part in Lehmann daily marathon in 1999, but works on the open prototype began in 1997. Engineering part in the creation of the car Audi R8R, which was shown in 1998, was entrusted to engineer Tony Southgate and construction – to the company Dallara. The car was equipped with biturbocharged engine V8 3.6, from which they got 600 forces. The racing debut in 1999 at the 12-hour marathon of Sebring: two cars gained third and fifth place respectively. A ring on Sarthe in 1999 Audi R8R made even better: the third and fourth place. By the way, about the same time with the open one a closed prototype of Audi R8C has being designed. The chief engineer of the Racing Technologies Norfolk Elray Peter, who created the Bentley Speed 8 was in charge for the result. By the way, the two built R8C cars managed to take part only in the 24-hour race at Le Manev 1999. There were 29 th and 43 th place as the result.
In 2000 racing Audi R8 saw the light – one of the most successful cars in the history of the race at Le Mans. Outdoor prototype won on the ring Sarthe five times: in 2000, 2001, 2002, 2004 and 2005. A competing American Le Mans Series – seven times! Can’t wait to see what was hidden under the composite body? At the heart of the machine lied a monocoque made of carbon fiber and aluminum honeycomb sheet. Suspension is double wishbone one type pushrod on loop and custom shock absorbers. At the base biturboeight’ 3.6 FSI (520-610 hp) was installed with the camber of the cylinders by 90 degrees, paired with a six-speed sequential gearbox Ricardo.
By the way, in spite of a successful racing career Audi R8, a tragic accident was connected with it: because of the tire explosion during the test on the track Lauzitsring (EuroSpeedway Lausitz now) the former Formula 1 driver Michele Alboreto smashed to death.
The new prototype Audi R10, which debuted in 2006 have been done by the Audi engineers together with specialists from the firm Dallara. And it was a real revolution: instead of a gasoline engine V8 3.6 FSI Germans placed within the base diesel V12 TDI volume of 5.5 liters. Engineering marvel (weight – 200 kg) sported twin turbochargers Garrett, has made 650 “horses” and 1100 Newton meters. Thrust transmitted to the rear wheels through a five-speed sequential gearbox S tronic, which was equipped with three-disk clutch carbon-fiber clutch Sandtler. Composite body length of 4650 mm, the carbon fiber monocoque, double wishbone suspension, Brembo brakes and forged wheels OZ – just such a vehicle with a curb weight of 925 kg won at Le Mans in 2006, 2007 and 2008.