Cooking kebabs in the open air is still very actual in our time. However, barbeque also gains popularity. The term “barbeque” itself has several meanings.
First of all, barbeque represents picnic. The second meaning of barbeque is that it’s a special device for frying. And the third meaning implies the dish itself, cooked with the help of such equipment.
In the twentieth century new advanced models of barbeque appeared on sale. They were equipped with grills and lids. These models have already gained popularity in the European countries. Such devices are called “smokers”.
The main meaning of smokers is the “smoke”. The use of barbeque-coppers implies cooking by way of roasting food in open or reflected heat. You can cook either under the lid or without it. Smoker also acts as smoking shed and stove.
If you complete such device with a great volume, a possibility to control the temperature range, a wide range of time for cooking food, you’ll get quite new equipment with a lot of functions, called smoker grill. The main sizes of smokers are marked as King, Queen and Prince. What’s the difference between these markings? So, King represents the biggest smoker grill. Such grill has a vertical frying compartment and a large horizontal compartment with two lids. Queen has smaller size and one lid, situated in a horizontal compartment. The models of the type “Prince” don’t have the vertical compartment at all.
Mostly, the smokers are manufactured in Switzerland, America, Germany, Belgium, Poland and South Africa. Such equipment can be used both in private houses and in public catering establishments (it is most often used in the restaurants of catering service).
The smoker has thermometer, located in the vertical and horizontal compartments. The smoker is also equipped with the ventilation dampers and exhaust pipe. On the outside, this device has the shelves for improvised material, hooks for hanging instruments, and the bucket for the storage of condensate and fat. The smoker also has seven removable frying grills for food. Except for these devices, the smokers are provided with the shelves for skewers, situated in the furnace and the horizontal compartment, the telescopic rod over the furnace, the removable volume splitter and the diffuser damper in the horizontal compartment.
It’s so wonderful to prepare grilled chicken with golden crust, grilled sausages or meat with the homemade sauces.
Although people always connect the rest with trips abroad or to seashore, it’s a human nature to relax on the landscape, out of country, in the country-house, or just spend a good weekend in preparing barbecue.
Such rest is always interesting, unusual and inexpensive. Isn’t it marvelous to go to the river, put up a tent, kindle a fire and grill sausages? And if you have a country-house, it’s a sacred duty to gather in the family circle, fire sauna and grill tasty chicken.
Formerly people used metallic grilles for cooking. These grilles squeezed the product, and, taking the wooden handles with both hands, a person had to rotate it carefully over the fire. Nevertheless, this method has one serious disadvantage. The inconstant temperature effect on the product can result half-done inside and overdone outside. After all, it is very difficult to keep up the fire with throwing fire-wood.
But now the fans of country recreation can buy a gas grill. Its construction turns grilling into pleasant and easy pastime. In this device, the infrared radiation of burner affects prepared foodstuff like the embers of fire and creates the natural effect of grill. You just need to lay the product on the grill and turn them over after a while. They will be fried on both sides and evenly baked inside. You can also use this grill for heating food. By the way, this grill allows cooking or heating up to 10 kg of food at a time.
It is quite practical to have a gas grill. You can take it with you to the country, as is can easily go into the trunk of any car. The approximate dimensions of gas grill are: 400 mm in height, 540 mm in width and 440 mm in depth.
However, the gas grill can come handy not only in the country or at the cottage. It can be easily used in the apartment. Taking a little space, it’ll help you to prepare wonderful grilled chicken for supper or juicy grilled sausages. And even if the gas or electrical energy is suddenly cut off, you can use this simple device for cooking.
Very few dishes can compete with the grilled meat in their tastiness. But you can’t go for an outing on any day and in any season. Fortunately, it’s not a reason to refuse a barbecue. There is a good alternative to the fire- an indoor electric grill. In this article we’ll tell you how to use electric grill, what kinds of electric grills are there, and what are their advantages.
What is the electric grill?
In most cases, electric grill is a multifunctional device, heat-treating food with the help of infrared heating. A heat from heating element goes directly to the surface with prepared products, which provides minimal heat waste. With the help of electric grill, you can fry and bake food. Perhaps, the electric grill doesn’t provide such a wide choice of cooking methods, as the aerogrill (where, apart from baking and frying, you can also boil and smoke), but it costs much less. And its functionality is quite enough for the most of housewives. The intensity of electric grill temperature is adjustable, which allows cooking the dishes for all tastes and frying the products to the required degree.
What kinds of electric grills are there?
For the house, you can choose the portable, stationary or built-in electric grill. The stationary grill takes too much space, so it fits better for the public catering establishments and the cottage. According to the next classification, there are contact and non-contact electric grills. The contact grills work on principle of shashlik roaster, turning the products around the heating element. As for the contact ones, the products touch the surface, located above the heating element. In their turn, the contact grills are divided into the following groups:
- One-sided electric grill. It can be either the plainest device with the food grill, or the more universal one with teflon or even stone coating.
- Two-sided electric grill. It resembles sandwich maker (the dish is clamped with presses, and, accordingly, prepared from both sides at a time).
- Combined grill. It’s the most expensive option, which gives ampler opportunities, combining the functions of one-sided and two-sided grills. In the most cases, it is the electric grills with removable panels, where you can bake meat, grill waffles and cook omelet.
Many fans of grilling finds the charcoal the best possible. However, some people find it rather problematic. The charcoal burns stronger than gas. That’s why it fits perfectly for the browning of stakes and other meat dishes.
The charcoal grills have a lot of advantages, as compared with the traditional braziers:
- With the charcoal grills, the food is cooked much faster. The dishes turn out very tasty, juicy, and never dry up.
- The food, made under the lid of charcoal grill, is much more wholesome than the food cooked on the brazier. The products don’t lose their useful qualities and vitamins, as they’re cooked much faster and at a very high temperature.
- The charcoal grills are very firm, durable and resistant. And these qualities are very important.
However, the charcoal grills have some disadvantages- they make more dirt and require constant care and attention.
Who invented the first charcoal grill?
The charcoal grill was invented in the late fifties by George Stephen from Chicago. In the past, American fried burgers and stakes on ordinary braziers. George Stephen invented and developed the first spherical legged charcoal grill with a lid. The first exemplar of charcoal grill was made out of the coastal buyo. It was split in half- the upper part served as a lid, while the lower one- as a caldron for putting coal.
The first charcoal grills were produced by the trade mark Weber. In our time, this company is a leading producer of grills, and not only in America, but all over the world. Weber Company has proved that the charcoal grill is very safe. The barbecues Weber allow you to fry stakes, shashliks, bake a goose, make pizza, smoke fresh fish, and even cook different original desserts.
The kinds of charcoal grills
- The multifunctional charcoal grills for café and restaurants.
- The charcoal grills of basic complete equipment.
- The portable charcoal grills- for beginners.
There is a long-standing discussion among the grill fans about what kind of grill is better- the gas or the charcoal. Surely, gas grills are easier in operation and faster in firing. However, only charcoal grills can give the dish inimitable scent of smoke. And without it, the barbecue is not so tasty! Only real charcoals are able to add the wonderful smoky smell to the dishes and give it the special energy of “living” fire.
The electric grills are stationary or portable devices, allowing preparing dishes on the surface heated with electric elements. In contrast to the gas stove, the food is located at some distance from the hearth of cooking, which allows affecting the product evenly from different directions. The distinguishing characteristic of the electric grills is the universality of their use. Unlike traditional charcoal grills, the electric grills can be located even in the kitchen, without fear of filling the accommodation with smoke. Fresh stakes, grilled vegetables, and fondue- you can prepare all these dishes (and many others) in your kitchen. At that, the taste of dishes, prepared with such device, is identical with those cooked on the hot coals of traditional grill. The effect of high temperature on the prepared products can fry them to the golden crisp crust. Besides, the food will be safe-healthy, as the products keep the most nutrients.
In the list of grills you’ll also find aerogrills, or so-called convection ovens. In contrast to the traditional grills, the affect food by means of hot air blowing from the heating element. This kind of grill has appeared quite recently. About 20 years ago the aerogrills were developed as a substitution for microwave ovens. However, the development of technologies made them more functional and singled it out in a separate group of products. The peculiar property of these ovens is the preparing of healthy food in its own juice, without necessity of adding oil.
When choosing the grill, pay special attention to the type of control. On the one hand, the mechanics is safer, but it has a finite number of possibilities. On the other hand, electronics is remarkable for its factory installation and the electronic timer. All the models have high power heating elements and rich complete equipment, where you’ll find an plate stand of steamer for steaming food, special grill, tongs, skewers, etc.
The summer rest is impossible without gatherings of friends for a delicious meal, somewhere in the country (on a lake, in the wood), in the cottage or on the terrace of the country-house. In all these cases, you’ll need a special device for preparing tasty meat, fish and poultry dishes. So, you’ll need a barbecue.
The brazier (or barbecue) for country picnic (without going to the cottage) must be light, comfortable for transportation, and don’t take too much space in the trunk of the car. In general, picnic barbecue must be easy-to-use.
The hibachi grill (or, as they say now, “mobile grill”) is arranged simply. It has a coal container (with the ash box) at the bottom, and a grill for preparing dishes from the top. As a rule, the hibachi grill is equipped with legs. There are also models with wheels. The barbecues with legs are usually folding. When folded, they represent small suitcase, fully ready and comfortable for transportation. The barbecue can be with or without lid (it is desirable to buy the models with the lid, as they open up ampler opportunities). The hibachi grills are mostly made of stainless steel, colored with heat-resistant paint. However, there are also cast-iron hibachi grills, which are some better in respect of their operating characteristics. First of all, cast-iron cools longer. But don’t wait for some records in heat conservation, as the difference makes not hours, but a few tens of minutes as compared to the steel. Another advantage of cast-iron is that it keeps more or less normal appearance a little longer (as even heat-resistant paint will fall off the enamel barbecue, stainless steel will tarnish, but dark cast-iron will stay put). But the cast-iron also has some disadvantages. For example, it is rather breakable.
Besides, it isn’t resistant to the temperature difference. So, if you spill some cold water on the cast-iron hibachi grill, it can crack.
The “picnic” barbecues usually have round shape. They mostly resemble a deep frying-pan or even small barrel. However, the grills can have different forms, as the simplicity of equipment (the products are heated only from the bottom) allows it. The hibachi grills are usually small-sized. There are also larger models, but make sure that they are comfortable for transportation. The larger hibachi grills are better option for those who don’t have a stationary roaster in the country.