About the giant and the small panda world has learned only in the XIX century. Small panda was discovered by scientists in 1821. Giant panda was found much later – in 1869, but managed to catch a big panda only after 68 years after its discovery.
Since the discovery of giant pandas began their study. But after two centuries of research, much of the pandas is still a mystery. And only a few facts about pandas became known around the world. We are invited to consult the fifteen most interesting facts about the giant and red pandas.
Facts about pandas
- For the first time scientists have studied the giant panda, they concluded that it was a giant raccoon. Only centuries later, with the help of a genetic test, the scientists were able to establish that a large panda – bear.
- The red panda belongs to a separate superfamily – Musteloidea that includes several families: raccoon, skunk and weasel.
- The main food of the pandas is bamboo, but sometimes in addition to bamboo pandas eat food of animal origin.
- As the small and giant pandas on the front paws have six ordinary fingers. Sixth, thumb, helps animals to capture and keep the bamboo.
- To prepare the young giant pandas to live in their natural habitat, scientists at the research center of Chengdu, China, wear a panda costume. This is done in order to baby panda get used to the visually similar to him relatives.
- By the size a big panda is not inferior to black bear, but inferior in speed. While panda is able to accelerate to a fast pitch black bear has a top speed of 40 to 50 kilometers per hour.
- Babies of giant panda at birth weigh only 140 grams, but at the age of 3 months, their weight is 4-6 kg.
- At birth, the color of giant pandas is white and in a week the baby pandas get a recognizable color.
- Cubs of red pandas at birth have a beige color. The fur color, as in the adult, cubs get only on the 3 month of life.
- For a full life in the natural environment a giant panda should have 7-11 square kilometers of land.
- Giant pandas are not sold in other zoos, but leased. For lease of a panda China gets a rent of 1 million. US dollars annually. If in the zoo panda born offspring, it is transferred to China to restore the gene pool.
- Life expectancy of giant panda in the natural environment is 14 to 20 years. Captive pandas live up to 26 years.
- Red panda in wildlife lives on average 8-10 years. In captivity they live up to 19 years.
- As giant and small pandas live in bamboo forests, which are only in China, India, Nepal, Myanmar and Bhutan.